top of page
Open Books



Skwersky-Blocq, Y, Shmuel, S., Waters, Al., & Shechner, T. (2022). Observational extinction reduces fear and its retention among adolescents and adults.
Submitted to Behavior Research and Therapy

Skwersky-Blocq, Y, Cohen, O., Shmuel, S., & Shechner, T. (2022). Looking Fear in the Face: Adults but not Adolescents Gaze at Social Threat during Observational Learning. International Journal of Psychophysiology.

Abend, R., Ruiz, S., Gold, A. L., Napoli, J., Britton, J. C. Michalska, K. J., Shechner, T., Winkler, A. M., Pine, D. S., & Averbeck, B. (2022). Computational modeling of rapid threat learning reveals links with anxiety and neuroanatomy. eLife.

Klein, Z., Abend, R., Shmuel, S., & Shechner, T. (2022). Unique Associations between Conditioned Cognitive and Physiological Threat Responses and Facets of Anxiety Symptomatology in Youth. Biological Psychology.


Klein, Z., Berger, S., Vervlit, B., & Shechner, T. (2021). Fear learning, avoidance, and generalization are more context-dependent for adults than adolescents. Behavior Research and Therapy.

Skwersky-Blocq, Y, Haaker, J., & Shechner, T. (2021). Watch and learn: Vicarious fear learning across development in human studies. Brain Sciences.

Dannon-Kraun, S., Horovitz, O., Richter-Levin, G., Pine, D., & Shechner, T. (2021). Return of fear following extinction in youth: An event- related potential study. Developmental Psychobiology.

Glenn, D., Feldman J., Ivie, E., Shechner. T., Leibenluft, E., Pine, D., Peters, M., Michalska, K. (2021). Social relevance modulates multivariate neural representations of threat generalization in children and adults. Developmental Psychobiology.

Perl, L., Oren, A., Klein, Z., & Shechner, T. (2021). Effects of the COVID19 Pandemic on Transgender and Gender Non-Conforming Adolescents’ Mental Health. Psychiatry Research, 114042

Skversky-Blocq, Y., Pine, D.S., & Shechner, T. (2021). Using a Novel Paradigm to Examine Observational Fear Learning across Development. Depression and Anxiety, 38, 731-738.

Klein, Z., Ginat-Frolich, R., Barry, T. J., & Shechner, T. (2021). Effects of increased attention allocation to threat and safety stimuli on fear extinction and its recall. Journal of Behavior Research and Experimental Psychiatry, 72, 101640.

Klein, Z., Berger, S., Vervliet, B., & Shechner, T. (2021). High avoidance despite low fear of a second-order conditional stimulus. Behavior Research and Therapy. 103765.

Varma, M. M., Pitliya, R. J., Zbozinek, T. D., Shechner, T. & Barry, T. J.* (2021). Brief training to modify the breadth of attention influences the generalization of fear. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 45, 99-119.


Klein, Z., Shner, G., Ginat-Frolich, R., Vervliet, B., & Shechner, T. (2020). The effects of age and trait anxiety on avoidance learning and its generalization. Behavior Research and Therapy

Abend, R., Gold, A. L., Britton, J. C., Michalska, K. J., Shechner, T., Sachs, J. F., Winkler, A. M., Leibenluft, E., Averbeck, B.B, & Pine, D.S. (2020). Anticipatory Threat Responding: Associations with Anxiety, Development, and the Brain Structure. Biological Psychiatry, 87, 916-925.

Teichman Y., Stein, H., & Shechner, T. (2020). Cognitive Complexity Revealed by Jewish Israeli Adolescents Relating to Drawings of Jews and Arabs. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 30, 247-338.


Dvir, M., Horovitz, O., Aderka, I.M., & Shechner, T. (2019). Fear conditioning and extinction in anxious and non-anxious youth: a meta-analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 120.

Ginat-Frolich, R., Klein, Z., Aderka, I., Shechner, T. (2019). Reducing avoidance and improving threat perception in adults with high spider fear using perceptual discrimination training. Depression and Anxiety, 36, 859-865.

Ginat-Frolich, R., Gendler, T., Marzan, D., Tsuk, Y., Shechner, T. (2019)  Reducing fear overgeneralization in children using a novel perceptual discrimination task, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 116, 131-139.

Stein, I., Asher, M., Erez, S., Shechner, T., Marom, S., Hermesh, H., Aderka, I. M. (2019). Developing a brief version of the Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale (STABS) using item response theory. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 792-801.

Abend, R., Swetlitz, C., White, L. K., Shechner, T., Bar-Haim, Y., Filippi, C., Kircanski, K., Haller, S. P., Benson, B. E., Chen, G., Leibenluft, E., Fox, N.A., & Pine, D.S. (2019). Levels of early-childhood behavioral inhibition predict distinct neurodevelopmental pathways to pediatric anxiety. Psychological Medicine. 1-11.

Michalska, K., Feldman J., Ivie, E., Shechner, T., Sequeira, S., Averbeck, B., Leibenluft, E., Fox, N., & Pine, D. (2019). Early-childhood social reticence predicts SCR-BOLD coupling during fear extinction recall in preadolescent youth. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 36, 1-11.


Mernick, B., Gendler T.#, Pine, A.#, & Shechner, T. (2018). Psychometric properties of the revised and translated behavioral inhibition questionnaire (BIQ). Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27, 1794-1804.

Horovitz, O., Lindenfeld, I., Melamed, M.,# & Shechner, T. (2018). Developmental effects of stimulus gender and distractors affective valence on threat detection in a visual search task. British Journal of Development, 36, 452-466.

Shechner, T., Fox, N. A., Mash, J. A., Jarcho J. M., Leibenluft, E., Pine, D. S., & Britton J. C. (2018). Differences in neural response to extinction recall in young adults with or without history of behavioral inhibition. Development & Psychopathology, 30, 179-189.


Frolich, R., Katz, O, Klein, Z & Shechner, T. (2017). A novel perceptual discrimination training task: Reducing fear overgeneralization in the context of fear learning. Behavioral Research and Therapy, 93, 29-37.

White, L. K., Henderson, H. A., Perez-Edgar, K., Walker, O. L., Degnan, K. A., Shechner, T., Leibenluft, E., Bar-Haim, Y., Pine, D. S., Fox, N. A. (2017). Developmental relations between behavioral inhibition, anxiety, and attention biases to threat and positive information. Child Development, 88, 141-155.

Shechner, T., Jarcho, J. M, Wong, S, Leibenluft, E., Pine, S.D. & Nelson, E. E. (2017). Threats, rewards, and attention deployment in anxious youth and adults: An eye tracking. Biological Psychology, 122, 121-129.


Shechner, T. & Bar-Haim, Y. (2016). Threat monitoring system and attention bias modification in anxiety and stress-related disorders. Current Direction of Psychological Science, 25, 431-437.

Abend, R., Jalon, I., Gurevitch, G., Sar-el, R., Shechner, T., Pine, S. D., Hendler, T., Bar-Haim, Y. (2016). Modulation of fear extinction process using transcranial electrical stimulation. Translational Psychiatry, 6, 1-7.

Jarcho, J. M., Davis, M. M., Shechner, T., Degnan, K. A, Heather, A. H., Fox, N. A., Leibenluft, E., Pine, D. S., Nelson, E. E (2016). Early-childhood social reticence predicts brain function in preadolescent youths during distinct forms of peer evaluation. Psychological Science, 27, 821-835.

Horovitz, O., Roitburd, B. L., Abend, R., Ziskind, D., & Shechner, T. (2016). Distraction versus training attention away from threat: How to best wait for the dentist. Australian Journal of Psychology, 68, 139-238.

Prizant-Passal, S., Shechner, T., & Aderka, I. M. (2016). Social Anxiety and Internet Use - A Meta-Analysis: What do we know? What are we missing? Computers in Human Behavior, 62, 221-229.

Gold, A. L., Shechner, T., Farber, B.A., Spiro, C. N., Leibenluft, E., Pine, D.S., & Britton, J. C. (2016). Amygdala-cortical connectivity: Associations with anxiety, development and threat. Depression and Anxiety, 33, 917-926.

McLaughlin, K.A., Sheridan, M.A., Gold, A.L., Duys, A., Lambert,H.K., Perverill, M., Heleniak, C., Shechner, T.,Wojcieszak, Z. & Pine D. S. (2016). Trauma exposure, brain structure, and fear conditioning in children. Neuropsychopharmacology, 41, 1956-1964.

Michalska, K. J., Shechner, T., Britton, J. C., Pine D. S.,& Fox, N. A. (2016). A developmental analysis of fear learning and generalization in childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 146, 95-105.

White, L. K., Britton, J.C., Sequeira, S., Ronkin, E. G., Chen, G., Bar-Haim, Y., Shechner, T., Ernst, M., Fox, N.A., Leibenluft, E., Pine, D.S. (2016). Behavioral and neural stability of attention bias to threat in healthy adolescents. Neuroimage, 136, 84-93.


Mueller, S.C., Shechner, T., Rosen, D., Nelson, E.E., Pine, D.S., Ernst, M. (2015). Incidental threat during visual working memory in adolescent anxiety: An emotional memory-guided saccade task. Depression and Anxiety, 32, 282-295.

Shechner, T., Britton, C. J., Ronkin, E G., Jarcho, J. M., Mash, J., Michalska K., Leibenluft E., & Pine D. S. (2015). Fear conditioning and extinction in anxious and non-anxious youth and adults:  Examining a novel developmentally-appropriate fear conditioning task. Depression and Anxiety. 32, 288-288.

Jarcho, J. M., Romer, A. L., Shechner, T., Galvan, A., Guyer, A. E., Leibenluft, E., Pine, D. S., Nelson, E. E. (2015). Forgetting the best when predicting the worst: Preliminary observation on neural circuit function in adolescent social anxiety. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 21-31.


Shechner, T., Hong M., Britton, J.C., Pine, S.D. & Fox, N. (2014). Fear conditioning across development: Evidence from animal models and human studies. Biological Psychology, 100, 1-12.

Shechner, T., Rimon-Chakir, A.#, Britton J. C., Lotan, D., Aptar, A., Bliese D. P., Pine, S. D. & Bar-Haim, Y. (2014). Attention bias modification treatment augmenting effects on cognitive behavioral therapy in children with anxiety: Randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 53, 61-71.

Jarcho, J. M., Fox, N. A., Pine, D. S., Leibenluft, E., Shechner, T., Degnan, K. A., Perez-Edgar, K., & Ernst M. (2014). The enduring influence of early temperament on neural mechanisms mediating attention-emotion conflict in Adults. Depression and Anxiety, 31, 53-62.


Shechner, T., Jarcho, J., Britton J. C., Leibenluft, L., Pine D. S. & Nelson E. (2013). Attention bias of anxious youth during extended exposure of emotional face pairs: An eye-tracking study. Depression and Anxiety, 30,14-2.

Shechner, T., Wakschlag, N., Britton, J.C., Jarcho, J. M., Ernst M. & Pine D. S. (2013). Empirical examination of the potential adverse psychological effects associated with pediatric fMRI scanning. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 23, 357-362.

Britton, J. B., Bar Haim, Y., Clementi, M. A., Sankin L. S., Chen, G., Shechner, T., Norcross M. A., Spiro C. N., Lindstrom, K. M., & Pine, D. S. (2013). Training-associated changes and stability of attention bias in youth: Implications for Attention Bias Modification Treatment for pediatric anxiety. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 4, 52-64.

Britton, J. B., Grillon, C., Lissek, S., Norcross, M. A., Szuhany, K. L., Chen, G., Ernst, M., Nelson, E., Leibenluft, E., Shechner, T., Pine, D. S. (2013). Response to learned threat: an FMRI study in adolescent and adult anxiety. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 1195-1204.

Jarcho, J. M., Fox, N. A., Pine, D. S., Etkin, A., Leibenluft, E., Shechner, T., Ernst M. (2013). The neural correlates of emotion-based cognitive control in adults with early childhood behavioral inhibition. Biological Psychology, 92, 306-314.

Lebowitz, E. R., Woolston, J., Bar Haim, Y., Calvocoressi, L., Dauser, C., Warnick, E., Scahill, L., Rimon, A., Shechner, T., Vitulano, L., King, R.A., Leckman, J. F. (2013). Family Accommodation in Pediatric Anxiety Disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 30, 47-54.

Shechner, T., Slone, M., Lobel, T. E., & Shechter, R. (2013). Children’s adjustment in non-traditional families in Israel: The effect of parental sexual orientation and the number of parents on children’s development. Child: Care, Health and Development, 39, 178-184.


Shechner T., Britton J. C., Pérez-Edgar K., Bar-Haim Y., Ernst M., Fox N. A., Leibenluft E., & Pine S. D. (2012). Attention biases, anxiety, and development: Toward or away from threats or rewards? Depression and Anxiety, 29, 282-294.

Shechner, T., Pelc, T., Pine, D. S., Fox, N. A, & Bar-Haim, Y. (2012). Flexible attention deployment in threatening contexts: An instructed fear conditioning study. Emotion, 12, 1041-1049.

Slone, M., Shechner, T.,& Khoury Farah, O. (2012). Parenting style as a moderator of effects of political violence: Cross-cultural comparison of Israeli Jewish and Arab children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 36, 62-70.


Slone, M., & Shechner, T. (2011). Adolescents exposed to 7 years of political violence: Differential relations between exposure and its impact for Jewish and Arab Israelis. Child Indicators Research, 4, 529-545.

Wald, I., Shechner, T., Bitton, S., Holoshitz, Y., Charney, D. S., Muller, D., et al. (2011). Attention bias away from threat during life threatening danger predicts PTSD symptoms at one-year follow-up. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 406-411.

Shechner, T. (2010). Gender Identity Disorder: Literature review from a developmental perspective. Israeli Journal of Psychiatry and Related Science, 47, 132-138.

Shechner, T., Slone, M., Meir, Y#., & Kalish, Y. (2010). Relations between social support and psychological and parental distress for lesbian, single heterosexual by choice, and two parent heterosexual mothers. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80,283-292.

Slone, M., & Shechner, T. (2009). Psychiatric consequences for Israeli adolescents of protracted political violence: 1998 – 2004. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 280–289.

Teichman, Y., Redl, O., Shechner, T., Chen, R., & Schoenfeld A. (2008). A comparison of the psychological reaction of women who terminated pregnancy for medical reason to those who terminate pregnancy electively. Megamot, 4, 799-826 (Hebrew).

Read More

Shechner, T., Slone, M., & Bialik, G. (2007). Does political ideology moderate stress: The special case of soldiers conducting forced relocation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77, 189-198.

bottom of page